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In this work, 2 at% Mo, 2 at% Nb and 2 at% Hf were substituted for the same amount of W into a Co-9Al-9W-2Ta-0.02B alloy (hereafter referred as to 2Mo, 2Nb and 2Hf alloys, respectively, while the original alloy is denoted as 0Me alloy). The effect of the Mo, Hf and Nb additions on the isothermal oxidation resistance, oxide scale evolution and failure mechanism, of the Co-9Al-9W-2Ta-0.02B alloy when exposed at 800 °C and 900 °C for 100 h was investigated. It was found the Mo, Hf and Nb additions degraded the oxidation resistance of the Co-9Al-9W-2Ta-0.02B alloy, while the 2Mo alloy always displayed the poorest oxidation resistance, resulted from heavy spallation of the oxide scale. An oxide scale composed of an outer Co3O4+CoO layer, a middle complex oxide layer enriched with Al, W and Ta, and a γ/needle-like Co3W zone adhering to the γ/γ'' substrate was gradually formed; moreover, a continuous or discontinuous Al2O3 layer and dispersive Al2O3 dots or slices were observed within the γ/needle-like Co3W zone, depending on the oxidation temperature and added elements (Mo, Hf and Nb). The formation of volatile MoO3 in the oxide scale of the 2Mo alloy enhance the exfoliation of the oxide products, resulting in severe spallation and poor oxidation resistance.  相似文献
2.
Al and Y modified silicide coatings on the Nb–15Si–22Ti–(2,14)Cr–2Al–2Hf–2V alloys (where the alloy with 2 at% Cr or 14 at% Cr is hereafter referred to as 2Cr and 14Cr alloy, respectively) was prepared by pack cementation. The microstructural evolution and the oxidation behaviours of the coating 2Cr and 14Cr samples at 1250 °C were studied. The 2Cr alloy consists of Nb solid solution (NbSS) and α-Nb5Si3 silicide, while the Laves C15–Cr2Nb phase arised in the 14Cr alloy. The coating structure of the coating 2Cr sample contained the outer (Nb, X)Si2+(Nb, X)5Si3 layer, the middle (Nb, X)5Si3 layer and the inner undeveloped intermetallic (Nb,Ti)3(Al,X) layer; the structure of the coating 14Cr sample consisted of the outer single (Nb, X)Si2 layer, the middle (Nb, X)5Si3 layer, the transition (Nb,Ti) (Cr,Al) layer and the inner (Cr, Al)2(Nb,Ti) layer. The coating 14Cr sample exhibited better oxidation resistance than the coating 2Cr sample. With an outer single (Nb, X)Si2 layer, a compact oxide scale consisting of SiO2 and TiO2 formed on the coating 14Cr sample, which can efficiently prevent the substrate from oxidising. For the coating 2Cr sample with an outer (Nb, X)Si2+(Nb, X)5Si3 layer, the oxide scale of the SiO2, TiO2, Nb2O5 and CrNbO4 mixture generated, and the scale spalled out from the surface of the sample, resulting in disastrous failure.  相似文献
3.
This paper deals with microstructural evolutions and mechanical properties of Nb-Si binaries containing dual-phase Nb/Nb5Si3 with Nb to Nb5Si3 fraction ratios of 90:10,80:20,70:30 and 50:50,prepared by spark plasma sintering(SPS).Dense Nb/Nb5Si3 samples with a relative density larger than 99.5% were obtained by SPS processing.The SPS samples consist of the Nb and Nb5Si3 phases with less than 3% fraction of NbO oxide.Hv at room temperature,and compressive strength at 1150℃ and 1250 1C of the bulk SPS alloys increase monolithically by enhancing fraction of the stiffening Nb5Si3 phase.For example,0.2% yield strength,σ0.2,increases from 175 MPa to 420 MPa at 1150℃ and from 110 MPa to 280 MPa at 1250℃,when the Nb5Si3 fraction increases from 10% to 50%.It is interesting that the fracture toughness,KQ,of the bulk SPS samples seems not to be sensitive to phase fraction.Heat treatment,however,plays a key role on the KQ as compared with that of the as-sintered state,at the corresponding Nb5Si3 fraction and considerably improves the KQ by about 100% for samples with the Nb5Si3 fractions of 10%-30%,and by about 50% for the sample with 50% Nb5Si3 fraction.  相似文献
4.
In this work, pure Nb, Nb5Si3 and Laves Cr2Nb compound powders were used as raw materials to prepare Nb-Si-Cr ternary alloys by spark plasma sintering (SPS). A comprehensive estimation of the microstructure and properties, including room temperature fracture toughness, high temperature strength and oxidation resistance, of the Nb-Si-Cr ternary alloys as a function of the Nb/Nb5Si3/Cr2Nb phase volume fraction combinations was conducted. The results showed that Nb-Si-Cr ternary samples with the relative density larger than 98.42% were obtained by SPS processing, and the samples all consisted of Nb, Nb5Si3 and Cr2Nb phases that were distributed homogeneously. The fracture toughness KQ of the Nb/Nb5Si3/Cr2Nb microstructure, which was dominated by the Nb phase, naturally increased with the Nb fraction. As expected, the room-temperature Vickers hardness and the high-temperature strength of the bulk alloys increased monotonically with the increasing of the stiffening Nb5Si3 fraction. Interestingly, the binary Cr2Nb phase played a positive role in the high temperature strength and oxidation resistance. Finally, the fracture modes of the typical Nb/Nb5Si3/Cr2Nb microstructures under bending and compression conditions at room and high temperatures as well as the oxidation mechanism are described and discussed.  相似文献
5.
A modified oxidation model, which assumes the cylindrical-like morphology of Cr_2Nb phase, has been proposed to examine the conditions to form external scale of three-phase Nb-base alloys in this paper. The oxidation behavior of three-phase Nb-base alloys was tested at 1250 ℃ for 1 h and 7 h, and the experimental results were compared with the simulated results. The results show that the external CrNbO_4 scale can be achieved by lengthradius ratio and volume fraction increasing for Cr_2Nb phase. The simulated results are consistent with the experimental results.  相似文献
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