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1.
Guo ZT  Ruddiman WF  Hao QZ  Wu HB  Qiao YS  Zhu RX  Peng SZ  Wei JJ  Yuan BY  Liu TS 《Nature》2002,416(6877):159-163
The initial desertification in the Asian interior is thought to be one of the most prominent climate changes in the Northern Hemisphere during the Cenozoic era. But the dating of this transition is uncertain, partly because desert sediments are usually scattered, discontinuous and difficult to date. Here we report nearly continuous aeolian deposits covering the interval from 22 to 6.2 million years ago, on the basis of palaeomagnetic measurements and fossil evidence. A total of 231 visually definable aeolian layers occur as brownish loesses interbedded with reddish soils. This new evidence indicates that large source areas of aeolian dust and energetic winter monsoon winds to transport the material must have existed in the interior of Asia by the early Miocene epoch, at least 14 million years earlier than previously thought. Regional tectonic changes and ongoing global cooling are probable causes of these changes in aridity and circulation in Asia.  相似文献
2.
固体酸Zr(SO4)2·4H2O催化制备生物柴油   总被引:54,自引:0,他引:54       下载免费PDF全文
采用新型固体酸Zr(SO4)2·4H2O替代传统的液体酸、碱催化剂,催化大豆油与甲醇的酯交换反应,制备生物柴油。考察了醇油摩尔比,催化剂用量,反应时间等因素对转化率的影响。采用气相色谱跟踪反应进程中各组分含量分布。优化出该反应最适宜的操作条件为:醇-油摩尔比6∶1,催化剂用量占原料油质量的3%,反应时间6h,反应温度65℃.在此条件下生物柴油的收率可达96.6%。制得的生物柴油与中国0#柴油(GB 252—1994优级品)的主要性能指标接近。  相似文献
3.
高吸水性树脂吸水机理的探讨   总被引:38,自引:0,他引:38  
高吸水性树脂是高分子电解质,具有三维网络结构,其显著的特点是高吸水性能和高保水性能。应用FloryHuggins热力学理论和溶液热力学理论对高吸水性树脂的吸水机理进行了探讨;同时,从高分子结构角度对吸水机理亦进行了理论探讨。  相似文献
4.
Early Yanshanian (Jurassic) granitoids are widespread in the Nanling Range of South China, and are associated with numerous non-ferrous and rare metal mineral deposits. These granitoids consist mainly of slightly peraluminous biotite monzogranites and K-feldspar granites that are closely associated in time and space with subordinate amphibole-bearing granites and muscoviteand garnet-bearing granites. In most previous studies, the biotite-bearing granites were classified as crustal transformation-type (corresponding to the S-type) granites which were interpreted to be derived from the regional Paleoproterozoic meta-sedimentary rocks. In this paper, we re-analyze the geochemical characteristics of a number of representative Early Yanshanian Nanling granitoids. There exists a clear negative correlation between SiO2 and P2O5 for the studied granitoids. The Early Yanshanian Nanling granitoid suites (including amphibole-bearing granodiorites→biotite monzogranites→K-feldspar granites→two-mica (muscovite) granites) are metaluminous to slightly peraluminous I-type or fractionated I-type granites. They were derived predominantly from Proterozoic igneous protoliths. The juvenile crust and/or newly mantle-derived materials might also have been involved in some of these granites. In addition, the Iand fractionated I-type granites are closely associated in time and space with minor amount of A-type felsic and mafic volcanic and intrusive rocks as well as alkaline rocks. All these rocks constitute a typical assemblage of anorogenic, intraplate magmatism, suggesting a dominant lithospheric extensional regime for the Nanling Range and neighboring region during the Early Yanshanian period.  相似文献
5.
The eastern Xing’an-Mongolian (Xing-Meng) Orogenic Belt (XMOB) is one of the important areas of porphyry copper (Cu)-molybdenum (Mo) deposits in China. However, studies on the exact ages of mineralization and their geodynamic significance are very limited. In this study, granodioritic rocks from the Duobaoshan Cu deposit and Daheishan Mo deposit were selected to make zircon SHRIMP U-Pb analyses in order to constrain their mineralization ages. Geochronological data indicate that two episodes of mineralization took place in the Duobaoshan Cu deposits. The granodiorite related to the Duobaoshan porphyry Cu deposit was formed in the Early Paleozoic with zircon U-Pb age of 485±8 Ma, whereas the granodiorites related to the Sankuanggou skarn-type Cu deposit were emplaced in the Jurassic with zircon U-Pb ages of 176±3 and 177±3 Ma. In the Daheishan area of Jilin Province, the emplacement age of the granodiorite porphyry related to the porphyry Mo deposit was dated at 170±3 Ma, and the unmineralized monzogranite at 178±3 Ma. Therefore, two episodes of Cu-Mo mineralization were developed in the eastern XMOB, at ~485 Ma and ~175 Ma, respectively. Based on the geological history and spatial-temporal distribution of the granitoids in northeastern (NE) China, it is proposed that the Duobaoshan Cu deposit was related to the collision of the Xing’an and Erguna blocks in the Early Paleozoic, and the Sankuanggou Cu and Daheishan Mo deposits were related to subduction of the Paleo-Pacific plate during the Jurassic.  相似文献
6.

硬脂酸钠改性纳米氢氧化镁效果研究

  总被引:28,自引:0,他引:28       下载免费PDF全文
主要研究了采用硬脂酸钠对纳米氢氧化镁进行湿法表面改性的工艺过程,通过改性前后粉体的BET、沉降速度、吸油值和黏度等表面物化性能来评价纳米氢氧化镁的改性效果,同时将改性前后的粉体应用到软质PVC体系中,测定该体系的阻燃性能和机械力学性能。实验结果表明:改性后的纳米氢氧化镁粉体表面性质发生了明显变化,比表面积增大,亲油性和在有机相中的分散性明显提高;增强了与PVC之间的亲和力,改善了体系的阻燃性能和机械力学性能.  相似文献
7.
球形壳聚糖树脂对含重金属离子废水的吸附性能研究   总被引:22,自引:0,他引:22       下载免费PDF全文
系统研究了球形交联壳聚糖树脂及分子印迹壳聚糖树脂对去除水体中重金属离子的吸附特性。研究结果表明:壳聚糖树脂交联后,在酸中稳定性增强 ,可重复使用达10次,吸附容量没有明显降低;分子印迹壳聚糖树脂对Ni2+、Zn2+、Cu2+等特定金属离子的吸附容量比非分子印迹壳聚糖树脂提高了1倍左右;同时球形交联壳聚糖树脂与商用吸附树脂相比,两者对Ni2+与柠檬酸镍的吸附容量相当。  相似文献
8.
The perturbed solution of sea-air oscillator for ENSO model   总被引:21,自引:0,他引:21       下载免费PDF全文
A class of delayed oscillators and coupled systems to oscillation of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) models are considered. Using the perturbed theory and other methods, the exact solution or asymptotic expansions of the solution for ENSO models is obtained and the asymptotic behavior of solution of corresponding problem is studied.  相似文献
9.
Mesozoic (125 Ma) Fangcheng basalts fromShandong Province contain clearly zoned olivines that arerare in terrestrial samples and provide first evidence for thereplacement of lithospheric mantle from high-Mg peridotitesto Iow-Mg peridotites through peridotite-melt reaction.Zoned olivines have compositions in the core (Mg# = 87.2--90.7) similar to those olivines from the mantle peridotiticxenoliths entrained in Cenozoic basalts from the NorthChina craton and in the rim (Mg# = 76.8--83.9) close to oli-vine phenocrysts of the host basalts (75.7--79.0). Thesecompositional features as well as rounded crystal shapes andsmaller grain sizes (300—800 μm) demonstrate that thesezoned olivines are mantle xenocrysts, i.e. disaggregates ofmantle peridotites. Their core compositions can representthose of olivines of mantle peridotites. The zoned texture ofolivines was formed through rapid reaction between the oli-vine xenocryst and the host basalt. This olivine-basaltic meltreaction could have been ubiquitous in the Mesozoic litho-spheric mantle beneath the North China craton, i.e. an im-portant type of the replacement of lithospheric mantle. Thereaction resulted in the transformation of the Paleozoic re-fractory (high-Mg) peridotites to the late Mesozoic fertile(Iow-Mg) and radiogenic isotope-enriched peridotites, lead-ing to the loss of old lithospheric mantle.  相似文献
10.
超声波-化学沉淀法制备纳米氧化铝粒子   总被引:21,自引:0,他引:21       下载免费PDF全文
以硝酸铝和碳酸铵为原料,利用超声波与沉淀相结合的方法,制得了平均粒径为 (12± 2 )nm的氧化铝超细粉末。反应生成的沉淀经XRD,TG和DTA实验分析知其化学组成为 NH4Al(OH)2CO3,该沉淀在475K开始分解为氧化铝,在1273K几乎完全转化为θ-Al2O3。  相似文献
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